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Readiness and Maintenance of the Bike

The Introduction in a Safe Cycling

  • To respect and compile with traffic rules. Follow signs and traffic light strictly. The riding people must stop when there is a red light like other vehicles and park behind a thick white line on the ground to facilitate the people crossing the road and safe from the car running in the opposite direction.
  • To cycle along the direction of the traffic along with other vehicles, except the road that has allowed the bike to reverse the direction of traffic, also known as "backward".
  • Front and rear lights are on when riding at night. According to Land Traffic Act, BE 2522 (1979). it states that the bike must have a white front light and a red light or red reflector on the rear. In addition, wearing a strap or waistcoat with additional reflective strips. It can help drivers see the riders clearly from a distance at night.
  • To have the equipment providing the appropriate signal. According to Land Traffic Act, BE 2522 (1979). it states that The bike must have a bell to indicate that the bike is moving in that direction, or may use a horn. However, such a horn should be appropriate and not be too loud to cause people to panic or cause nuisance as "noise pollution".
  • To give the right to a pedestrians’ use. To avoid cycling on the sidewalk in addition to have a paint brush or break up areas for the bike to clearly use on the sidewalk. And no matter what is the case, we have to be very careful, use low speed when riding on the sidewalk, because if it is in inevitable condition. Pedestrians must always have their rights to walk ahead.
  • To watch out for the parked car. Observe and be very careful of the parked car. The people who are sitting in the car may open the door or a driver may suddenly drive out. It should take over or parallel with a row of cars parked at least 1 meter away.
  • Do not hold the car moving ahead. The use of a hand to hold the car moving ahead to relax in cycling is very dangerous and illegal action.
  • Do not carry too much weight. To use the bike carrying a heavy weight, either it is cycling alone or have someone sitting in the back or in front, will increase the risk of harm. Cyclists need to be extra careful. (Land Traffic Act has prohibited cycling more than one person.
  • To always check brakes to ensure that they are in good conditions both front and rear brakes, especially in the road that is not smooth, potholes, slope or bridges, and be more careful when the road is wet.
  • Be careful when it comes to the intersection, whether it is a soi or minor road to meet the main road. Due to a lot of vehicles, the risk of an accident of the collision is very high. Cycling should be in the right traffic lane. For a straight riding or turning should use your hand signals to clear the direction. Look around the area before changing the direction or moving lanes. If you are not confident and consider that the risk is high, you should be off the bike and then shove in the same way as pedestrians.
  • To use hand signals and to learn hand signals to tell other road users how we are moving and to practise a skill to ride the bike by one hand and use the other hand to signal skilfully with the balance of the bike and then use the hand signals habitually.
  • To ride the bike politely and orderly. To abruptly ride to the left side then to right one or suddenly change the direction is the risk to cause the collision. The person who is following may not see or see but cannot avoid. We should bike near the roadside, do not be too close. An approximate distance is 1 meter.

To prevent the injuries from cycling

  • To wear the helmet every time. In addition to wearing a helmet every time to ride the bike, the helmet must meet the standard TIS or safety standards. The color of the helmet should be a light tone that fits the head of the wearer and to adjust the straps to tighten.
  • To choose the size of the bike to suit yourself and the right frame size for yourself. For the road bike, try to stand around the bike and have a gap between the groin and the tube about 1-2 inches. The mountain bike ranges to minimum 2 inches. As the position of the handlebars should be about 2 inches lower than the saddle. The bikes that are well-suited to the riders can help relieve the pain from cycling.
  • To use the saddle and adjust the correct position. The saddle or cushion of the bike is many types and should be selected for the physique of the rider. The gel or sheepskin saddle can help reduce friction. The height of the saddle is important. The saddle should be high in a level when standing up riding, then the lower leg is almost straight and slightly bent. If you fully pedal with a straight leg, the knees bent too much, it means that your seat is too low. This affects the spinning power and the effort in exertion.
  • Start cycling slowly, do not overdo it. For the beginners, in the first stage, the speed is not very fast, but keep level and ride for 10 minutes. In the first stage. Do this for about 3-4 weeks by choosing a smooth path. Once in a while, gently start on the slope or bridge to improve your body and your basic skills. Do not overdo it in the beginning, as it may cause injury to the body.
  • To choose clothes that are comfortable. It should be a fabric that is compact and fit. The fabric is well drained, and do not put on clothes with stitches. Because during the riding, it is possible to cause friction to wound skin lesions.
  • The cycling at night must have a light. The riders should wear a light jacket or a suit with a reflective strip. The helmet should have a flashing light or reflective strip attached, and especially in the bike body. The tail light must be a red light. The front is a white light that gives you a clear view of the road. Giving you and your bike a glimpse of the dark is a great way to keep your bike going at night.
  • Be conscious and respect traffic rules when riding on the road. We should learn hand signals to communicate with people on the road or others, including the skills to observe whether it is the road surface, cars are approaching, people are going across the street, etc. and should keep traffic rules like other road users, do not drive back, do not drive in the right lane reserved for a speed car, do not drive through the red light.
  • Be especially careful when cycling on a dense road. It is something you have to be very careful. You always stay in the left lane whether you are alone or in groups and keep running cars always ahead. If you have to stay on the road with a car running regularly, you may find a rear view mirror mounted on the handlebars.
  • When braking, you have to provide both front and rear brakes simultaneously. In braking, either at normal speed to slow down or braking to stop unexpectedly. The brakes must be tightened with both front and rear brakes so as to not lose stability in case of sudden braking and to rock the hips to the back to prevent the bike losing the balance.
  • To use the correct gear. The rider should be actively trained to shift gear from low gear to high gear according to the speed. It will reduce the pressure on the knee. Approximate leg for normal spinning is at 60-80 revolution per minutes (rpm). As the spinning for the competition will be in the 90-100 revolution per minutes (rpm).
  • To relax the muscles properly. When riding on slope or uphill continually then descending, do not let the bike run down without pedalling. Because in the time we were riding a bike for a long time or use a lot of legs power. The body produces an acid called lactic acid. It can result in muscle pain or muscle inflammation. Therefore, to ride lightly down hill is a way to help reduce the lactic acid in the muscle as well.
  • To change some position. The main cause of cycling is the symptoms of hands, arms legs and feet is riding the bike in the same position for a long time continually. Therefore, during this time, changing the postures and movements, such as moving the position and degree, holding handlebars and the body, moving the neck and position of the seat on the saddle, relaxing handlebars squeeze is not too tight.
Preparedness for the body
The bike maintenance
Riding advice on how to avoid harm.
Hand signals for the riding group

The use of hand signals for cycling in a group is for the safety. The riders should learn how to use hand signals for cycling, especially for group leaders. The simplest ways are following :

1. Stopping signal

Hold a hand straight up the sky when arriving at the intersection or with obstacles ahead. Those who ride in the back in a group slow down and stop.

2. To slow down the speed

Put one hand to the side, lift up and down like a slap in the air. Those who ride in the back in groups slow down the speed.

3. The signal for obstacles ahead

Show a hand to the back or point out that there are obstacles ahead such as parked car, etc. Those who ride in the back in groups avoid obstacles as indicated by hand signals.

4. Turning signal

Spread arms parallel to the ground in turn directions such as left turn, spread left arm, right turn, spread right arm

5. The signal for obstacles below

Point your hand down to the bottom when you find a pothole on the road or rock, oil on the road which should be avoided. The sound signal should be accompanied by a hand signal.